Ayurveda is a holistic Indian system of medicine recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO). The goal of Ayurvedic science is to maintain health in a healthy person and treat disease in an unhealthy person. Ayurvedic medicine gives an individual the opportunity for a balanced, happy life (Svastha), and fills the soul through the Ayurvedic processes of happiness and clarity (Sattva) and eliminates the negativity that is present in the human body. For example, in order for the body to achieve harmony (inner and outer happiness – Sukha), Ayurvedic rubbing massage with warm oil (Abhyangham) is very useful. The soul is not a thought, feeling, perception, or performance, but what in us thinks, feels, has senses and which is wrapped in our Karma. The soul is the consciousness and creator of psychological laws, which are older than any religion and philosophy. It is welcome to meet and balance the four Purusharthas (Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha) which are the foundations of life and health in Ayurvedic medicine. If we want to be healthy, we must maintain the Dharma through performing duties and responsibilities to ourselves and others. To have a creative, positive desire, we need a healthy mind and awareness, a healthy body, and a healthy perception of Artha energy. Kama is always associated with offspring and family life, producing positive energy for everyday creativity. Even Moksha or spiritual liberation is nothing but the perfect harmony of body, mind and soul.
The Vedas consider Ayurvedic medicine to be a gift of God to mankind from the avatar of Dhanvantari, who came to us through the holy ancient Indian wise people Rishi through deep meditation. Veda Vyasa, one of the greatest wise person of India, is considered to be the first recorder of the Vedas. The Vedas cover topics about health and the use of various plants for healing purposes. The four main Vedas are Rig, Sama, Yajur and Atharva Veda (Ayurveda means the science of life and is part of the Atharva Veda). Initially, only members of the Brahmani caste taught the principles of Ayurvedic healing and were considered physicians. But over time this changed and members of other castes also learned the art of natural healing and a special term Vaidya was introduced for those who describe, educate and heal the Vedas. Around 1500 BC the application of Ayurvedic medicine has expanded to the treatment of various diseases and is divided into eight different branches of medicine. Atreya as a school for physicians and Dhanvantri as a school for surgeons also emerged. The Chinese, Tibetans, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians and Persians came to India to learn the Ayurvedic principles of healing and care. Ayurvedic texts were translated into Arabic and used by physicians, such as Avicenna and Razi Sempion, in the establishment of Islamic medicine (Unani). In addition, Ayurvedic medicine became popular in Europe and laid the foundations of European traditional medicine. Paracelsus, the father of modern Western medicine (1600 AD) also used some principles from Ayurvedic medicine.
Since the mid-70s, the popularity of Ayurvedic medicine has been steadily increasing, both in India and in developed European countries: Italy, Germany, Greece, Britain, France, Denmark, Switzerland, USA, Persia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Tibet, Nepal, Indonesia, South Africa, Russia (Siberia), Egypt, Libya, Morocco, etc. In these countries, Ayurvedic science is included in alternative and complementary therapies and is often used in conjunction with conventional prescription drugs to treat, or aid in chronic diseases such as joint and skin problems (as recommended by the WHO). Ayurvedic medicine is based on the fundamental principle that the prevention and treatment of disease, maintaining balance in the body, mind and consciousness through proper drinking, eating and living, and the use of herbal preparations, are essential. Even today, Ayurvedic science has maintained its holistic approach to health and the treatment of disease.
The eight branches of modern Ayurvedic medicine include: Principles of preventive care for the health of the whole family (kulam svastyam kutumbakam), Addiction treatment (sangakara chikitsa), Purification and restorative treatments (panchakarma chikitsa), Access to nutrition and weight loss (sthaulya chikitsa); Musculoskeletal treatments (vatavyadhi chikitsa), Promotion of self-healing and resistance to disease (svabhaa voparamavaada), Male and female fertility (vajikarana), Beauty and cosmetic treatments for men and women (saundarya sadhana).